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The Bachelor of Arts in Journalism

Total Course Requirements for the Bachelor's Degree: 120 units

See "Requirements for the Bachelor's Degree" in the University Catalog for complete details on general degree requirements. A minimum of 40 units, including those required for the major, must be upper division.

A suggested Major Academic Plan (MAP) has been prepared to help students meet all graduation requirements within four years. Please request a plan from your major advisor.

General Education Requirements: 48 units

See General Education Requirements in the University Catalog and the Class Schedule for the most current information on General Education Requirements and course offerings.

Diversity Course Requirements: 6 units

See "Diversity Requirement" in the University Catalog. Most courses taken to satisfy these requirements may also apply to General Education Requirements.

U.S. History, Constitution, and American Ideals: 6 units

See "U.S. History, Constitution, and American Ideals" under "Bachelor's Degree Requirements". This requirement is normally fulfilled by completing HIST 130 and POLS 155 or approved equivalents. Courses used to satisfy this requirement do not apply to General Education.

Literacy Requirement:

See Math and Writing Requirements in the University Catalog. Writing proficiency in the major is a graduation requirement and may be demonstrated through satisfactory completion of a course in your major which has been designated as the Writing Proficiency (WP) course for the semester in which you take the course. Students who earn below a C- are required to repeat the course and earn a C- or higher to receive WP credit. See the Class Schedule for the designated WP courses for each semester. You must pass ENGL 130 (or its equivalent) with a C- or higher before you may register for a WP course.

Course Requirements for the Major: 40-41 units

Completion of the following courses, or their approved transfer equivalents, is required of all candidates for this degree. Additional required courses, depending upon the selected option or advising pattern, are outlined following the major core program requirements.

National accreditation standards require a journalism major to take a 40/41-unit journalism/communication curriculum. Of the 120-unit degree program, 80 units must be taken outside the journalism/communication curriculum. Overall, 65 of the units must be in liberal arts and sciences. The following courses, if taken as General Education or upper-division theme, will apply to the 80 outside units: CMST 131, CMST 132, CMST 255, CMST 334. Community college transfer students may apply 6 units (e.g., JOUR 260 and JOUR 101) to the 40/41-unit major.

Major Core Program: 12 units

3 courses required:

SUBJ NUM Title Sustainable Units Semester Offered Course Flags
This course is also offered as CDES 101 .
This course teaches the concepts, history, and applications of communication. The implications and ethical issues of media and the communication process are covered. 3 hours lecture. (001636)
Journalism is changing more rapidly now than at any time in the past century, and this course gives a context to those changes and provides an overview of contemporary jounalistic institutions. Students exlore the history of online journalism; the structure of media organizations; the professional and ethical values of journalists; the needs, desires and influences of culture; and the impact of changing technologies on public relations and traditional newsgathering. This includes critical analysis of the relationship of journalism and society and the effect of political, economic and cultural factors on journalism. 3 hours lecture. (020555)
Prerequisites: ENGL 130.
Techniques of information gathering and writing for various audiences in the mass media. Required course for the Options in News-Editorial and Public Relations. Students must earn a grade of C or higher to advance to subsequent writing courses in the Department of Journalism. Students who do not receive at least a C may repeat the course. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (004838)

1 course selected from:

SUBJ NUM Title Sustainable Units Semester Offered Course Flags
Prerequisites: JOUR 101, JOUR 260. For Option in News-Editorial: JOUR 321. For Option in Public Relations: JOUR 341.
Ethical principles and case studies will be used to help students develop insights or responses to ethically challenging events or situations in mass media. 3 hours lecture. (005360)
Prerequisites: Admission to the Honors in the Major program; JOUR 101, JOUR 260. For Option in News-Editorial: JOUR 321. For Option in Public Relations: JOUR 341.
Ethical principles and case studies will be used to help students develop insights or responses to ethically challenging events or situations in mass media. 3 hours lecture. (005361)

Formal Minor Requirement

Journalism majors with options in News-Editorial and Public Relations are required to complete a formal minor in a department outside the School of Communication.

Major Option Course Requirements: 28-29 units

The following courses, or their approved transfer equivalents, are required dependent upon the option chosen. Students must select one of the following options for completion of the major course requirements.

The Option in News-Editorial: 28-29 units

4 courses required:

SUBJ NUM Title Sustainable Units Semester Offered Course Flags
Prerequisites: JOUR 101, JOUR 260.
The law as it applies to the press, pictures, and broadcasting. Philosophical basis and historical evolution of legal precedent governing the media. Practical limitations of libel, slander, privacy, copyright, information access, free press-fair trial, contempt and reporter's rights, advertising and media concentration as they affect freedom of the press. Required for news-editorial option; elective for public relations option. 3 hours lecture. (002032)
Prerequisites: ENGL 130 (or its equivalent) with a grade of C- or higher, HIST 130, JOUR 260, POLS 155.
Designed for students planning reporting or editing careers. Development of greater skills in story recognition and judgment, information gathering, and finished written presentation, including specialized reporting and ethics. Stress is placed on leads, the complex story, and polished writing. Journalism majors in the news-editorial option who earn below a C- in JOUR 321 are required to repeat the course and are expected to earn a C- or higher to receive writing proficiency credit. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. This is an approved Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement course; a grade of C- or better certifies writing proficiency for majors. (002000)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260.
Evaluating and editing newspaper copy; perfecting copyreading skills; typography, headline writing, page makeup and layout, and newspaper design. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (002007)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260; JOUR 327 or JOUR 341; or faculty permission.
Provides practical application of journalistic techniques through preparation of the departmental laboratory newspaper. Involved are approaches to reporting, feature writing, editing, sales, and design. Repeating this course for credit requires faculty permission. Requirement for News-Editorial option. 4 hours activity. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 4.0 units. (005351)

14-15 units selected from:

Group A

2 courses selected from:

SUBJ NUM Title Sustainable Units Semester Offered Course Flags
Prerequisites: Sophomore standing; concurrent enrollment in or prior completion of JOUR 260 for Journalism majors.
This course is also offered as POLS 244 .
A survey of public relations: problems and issues, organization and operations, skills and techniques, careers and opportunities. 3 hours lecture. (001995)
Prerequisites: ENGL 130.
Entertainment, as a major form of mass media content, is a major shaper of the individual and collective cultural identities in the United States. The popular arts are studied from historical, theoretical, philosophical, and critical perspectives. 3 hours discussion. This is an approved General Education course. (005346)
This course is also offered as WMST 311 .
The purpose of this course is to educate students to be informed consumers of media, to examine actual portrayals of women in the various media, and to explore how the media industry treats women. These objectives will result in a raised awareness of how both sexes can participate equally in the world around them. 3 hours discussion. This is an approved General Education course. (005347)
How the press operates in other societies, both free and authoritarian: the role of journalism in shaping foreign policy in America and abroad; the role of the press in developing countries; the part journalism plays in international and world organizations; the history of significant foreign press systems; the American press in an international context. Open to non-majors. 3 hours lecture. (002034)
This course is designed to build leadership skills and promote community service within a diverse community. Students lead, organize and work with others through service learning projects. These projects involve the development of peer tutoring programs, philanthropy projects, and/or student recruiting and retention services. 1 hour lecture. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 3.0 units. (020897)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260.
Study of the American newspaper, magazine, and book from the Colonial period to the present time. Emphasis is placed upon changing trends and the outstanding people who shaped the development of these modern media, noting the influence of the past upon the present. 3 hours lecture. (004851)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260.
Introduces students to the social constructions of ethnicity and how they are involved in the production, distribution and consumption of the U.S. mass media. 3 hours lecture. (005356)
Prerequisites: CMST 131, CMST 330, CMST 331, CMST 350, and CMST 370 with a grade of C- or higher for CMST majors only.
This course is also offered as CMST 424 , POLS 424 .
Analysis of major factors in group and individual opinion formation, with emphasis on politics, opinion measurement, and the role of mass media in the political process. 3 hours lecture. (002029)
Prerequisites: CMST 131, CMST 330, CMST 331, CMST 350, and CMST 370 with a grade of C- or higher for CMST majors only.
This course is also offered as CMST 428 , POLS 428 .
An examination of the relationships of politics and the mass media. Includes a project involving media analysis and campaigns or public policy decisions. 3 hours seminar. (002246)

Group B

5-6 units selected from:

SUBJ NUM Title Sustainable Units Semester Offered Course Flags
Prerequisites: JOUR 260.
Techniques of writing nonfiction articles and features for publication; where to find material, markets. Student writings may appear in campus publications such as Orion. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (001667)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260; JOUR 327 or JOUR 341; or faculty permission.
Provides practical application of journalistic techniques through preparation of the departmental laboratory newspaper. Involved are approaches to reporting, feature writing, editing, sales, and design. Repeating this course for credit requires faculty permission. Requirement for News-Editorial option. 4 hours activity. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 4.0 units. (005351)
Prerequisites: JOUR 329 and faculty permission.
This course is for journalism majors who manage the laboratory newspaper. It provides practical application of journalistic techniques through preparation and management of the departmental laboratory newspaper and includes approaches to writing, editing, photography and newsroom management techniques. With faculty permission, this course and JOUR 329 can be repeated for a combined total of 5 units. 1 hour lecture, 4 hours activity. (020118)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260; JOUR 244 and JOUR 341 for public relations option; JOUR 321 for news-editorial option.
Instruction in persuasive writing, design, and production of public relations publications via desktop publishing. Publications include fliers, institutional advertisements, brochures, and newsletters that are produced to promote the views, products, or services of organizations or companies. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (005352)
Prerequisites: JOUR 255, JOUR 260.
Instruction in using the Internet as a reporting tool and a publishing platform. Focus on technological changes in mass communication, especially newspapers and magazines. Emphasis on writing stories for the Internet and production of an online publication. 1 hour lecture, 2 hours discussion. (005357)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260; JOUR 321 or 325 for news-editorial option; JOUR 325 or 341 for public relations option.
Suggested for advanced students. In-depth reporting and feature writing, including computer-assisted reporting, opinion writing, investigative reporting techniques, literary journalism techniques, and writing for the Internet. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (002033)
Prerequisites: Faculty permission.
You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Students will experience a wide range of professional situations, conditions, and practice in the journalism/public relations professional setting prior to graduation. Length of internship will vary according to type of placement. Students will be supervised by a practicing member of the profession. Repeatable for credit toward the major up to 3 units with instructor permission. 3 hours supervision. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 15.0 units. (005362)

JOUR 329 is repeatable, with instructor and advisor permission, up to 4 units to count toward the major: 2 units for the option core; 2 units toward Group B.

JOUR 489 is repeatable, with instructor and advisor permission, up to 3 units.

Group C - Visual Literacy

2 courses selected from:

SUBJ NUM Title Sustainable Units Semester Offered Course Flags
Prerequisites: JOUR 260; JOUR 244 and JOUR 341 for public relations option; JOUR 321 for news-editorial option.
Instruction in persuasive writing, design, and production of public relations publications via desktop publishing. Publications include fliers, institutional advertisements, brochures, and newsletters that are produced to promote the views, products, or services of organizations or companies. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (005352)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260 for majors, no prerequisite for non-majors.
Theory and practice of news photography, including picture-taking for college publications, as well as special photographic projects. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (002011)
Prerequisites: JOUR 255, JOUR 260.
Instruction in using the Internet as a reporting tool and a publishing platform. Focus on technological changes in mass communication, especially newspapers and magazines. Emphasis on writing stories for the Internet and production of an online publication. 1 hour lecture, 2 hours discussion. (005357)
Prerequisites: ARTS 240 or APCG 112 or CDES 206 or JOUR 353.
This course deals with the advanced skills, theory, history, and ethics of newspaper and magazine photojournalism. It builds on basics from the prerequisite course to develop the photography skills of students who seek to become professional photojournalists. 2 hours lecture, 2 hours activity. (020492)
Prerequisites: JOUR 355.
This course focuses on skills required to create and publish Web sites that feature interactive journalism. Students learn effective strategies in the production of multimedia news and public relations for online readers. 3 hours lecture. (020493)

Note: JOUR 351 and JOUR 355 may be used to fulfill requirements in either Group B or Group C in the News-Editorial Option .

The Option in Public Relations: 28-29 units

5 courses required:

SUBJ NUM Title Sustainable Units Semester Offered Course Flags
Prerequisites: Sophomore standing; concurrent enrollment in or prior completion of JOUR 260 for Journalism majors.
This course is also offered as POLS 244 .
A survey of public relations: problems and issues, organization and operations, skills and techniques, careers and opportunities. 3 hours lecture. (001995)
Prerequisites: ENGL 130 (or its equivalent) with a grade of C- or higher, JOUR 244, JOUR 260.
Principles and practices of writing styles for public relations. Emphasis will be on writing tailored to an organization's communication needs. Required for majors. Journalism majors in the public relations option who earn below a C- in JOUR 341 are required to repeat the course and are expected to earn a C- or higher to receive writing proficiency credit. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. This is an approved Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement course; a grade of C- or better certifies writing proficiency for majors. (004844)
The overall objective of this course is to equip students with the skills to conduct qualitative and quantitative public relations research including measurement and performance evaluation. The emphasis will be on measurement of tangible results in evaluating effectiveness. The impact of culture and diversity will be considered. Process and techniques to be studied include public-opinion polling, focus groups and interviews, survey research, experimental design, fact-finding and applied research. 3 hours lecture. (020558)
Prerequisites: JOUR 244, JOUR 260, JOUR 341.
Theory and norms used in strategies for public relations activities and programs. Emphasis on selection of strategies under varying kinds of information conditions. Major areas addressed are strategy formulation, strategy implementation, and strategic control. Required for majors. 3 hours lecture. (002003)
Prerequisites: JOUR 244, JOUR 260, JOUR 341, JOUR 344.
Advanced public relations field experience. Repeating this course for credit requires faculty permission. Required for public relations option. 6 hours laboratory. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 4.0 units. (004852)

14 units selected from:

Group A

2 courses selected from:

SUBJ NUM Title Sustainable Units Semester Offered Course Flags
Prerequisites: ENGL 130.
Entertainment, as a major form of mass media content, is a major shaper of the individual and collective cultural identities in the United States. The popular arts are studied from historical, theoretical, philosophical, and critical perspectives. 3 hours discussion. This is an approved General Education course. (005346)
This course is also offered as WMST 311 .
The purpose of this course is to educate students to be informed consumers of media, to examine actual portrayals of women in the various media, and to explore how the media industry treats women. These objectives will result in a raised awareness of how both sexes can participate equally in the world around them. 3 hours discussion. This is an approved General Education course. (005347)
How the press operates in other societies, both free and authoritarian: the role of journalism in shaping foreign policy in America and abroad; the role of the press in developing countries; the part journalism plays in international and world organizations; the history of significant foreign press systems; the American press in an international context. Open to non-majors. 3 hours lecture. (002034)
This course is designed to build leadership skills and promote community service within a diverse community. Students lead, organize and work with others through service learning projects. These projects involve the development of peer tutoring programs, philanthropy projects, and/or student recruiting and retention services. 1 hour lecture. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 3.0 units. (020897)
Prerequisites: JOUR 101, JOUR 260.
The law as it applies to the press, pictures, and broadcasting. Philosophical basis and historical evolution of legal precedent governing the media. Practical limitations of libel, slander, privacy, copyright, information access, free press-fair trial, contempt and reporter's rights, advertising and media concentration as they affect freedom of the press. Required for news-editorial option; elective for public relations option. 3 hours lecture. (002032)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260.
Study of the American newspaper, magazine, and book from the Colonial period to the present time. Emphasis is placed upon changing trends and the outstanding people who shaped the development of these modern media, noting the influence of the past upon the present. 3 hours lecture. (004851)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260.
Introduces students to the social constructions of ethnicity and how they are involved in the production, distribution and consumption of the U.S. mass media. 3 hours lecture. (005356)
Prerequisites: CMST 131, CMST 330, CMST 331, CMST 350, and CMST 370 with a grade of C- or higher for CMST majors only.
This course is also offered as CMST 424 , POLS 424 .
Analysis of major factors in group and individual opinion formation, with emphasis on politics, opinion measurement, and the role of mass media in the political process. 3 hours lecture. (002029)
Prerequisites: JOUR 244, JOUR 260, JOUR 341.
A course in analyzing the theoretical concepts of management that exist in public relations activities, organizations, and public relations agencies that conduct public relations programs. 3 hours lecture. (005359)

Group B

5-6 units selected from:

SUBJ NUM Title Sustainable Units Semester Offered Course Flags
Prerequisites: ENGL 130 (or its equivalent) with a grade of C- or higher, HIST 130, JOUR 260, POLS 155.
Designed for students planning reporting or editing careers. Development of greater skills in story recognition and judgment, information gathering, and finished written presentation, including specialized reporting and ethics. Stress is placed on leads, the complex story, and polished writing. Journalism majors in the news-editorial option who earn below a C- in JOUR 321 are required to repeat the course and are expected to earn a C- or higher to receive writing proficiency credit. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. This is an approved Graduation Writing Assessment Requirement course; a grade of C- or better certifies writing proficiency for majors. (002000)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260.
Techniques of writing nonfiction articles and features for publication; where to find material, markets. Student writings may appear in campus publications such as Orion. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (001667)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260.
Evaluating and editing newspaper copy; perfecting copyreading skills; typography, headline writing, page makeup and layout, and newspaper design. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (002007)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260; JOUR 327 or JOUR 341; or faculty permission.
Provides practical application of journalistic techniques through preparation of the departmental laboratory newspaper. Involved are approaches to reporting, feature writing, editing, sales, and design. Repeating this course for credit requires faculty permission. Requirement for News-Editorial option. 4 hours activity. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 4.0 units. (005351)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260; JOUR 244 and JOUR 341 for public relations option; JOUR 321 for news-editorial option.
Instruction in persuasive writing, design, and production of public relations publications via desktop publishing. Publications include fliers, institutional advertisements, brochures, and newsletters that are produced to promote the views, products, or services of organizations or companies. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (005352)
Prerequisites: JOUR 255, JOUR 260.
Instruction in using the Internet as a reporting tool and a publishing platform. Focus on technological changes in mass communication, especially newspapers and magazines. Emphasis on writing stories for the Internet and production of an online publication. 1 hour lecture, 2 hours discussion. (005357)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260; JOUR 321 or 325 for news-editorial option; JOUR 325 or 341 for public relations option.
Suggested for advanced students. In-depth reporting and feature writing, including computer-assisted reporting, opinion writing, investigative reporting techniques, literary journalism techniques, and writing for the Internet. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (002033)
Prerequisites: JOUR 244, JOUR 260, JOUR 341, JOUR 344, JOUR 445.
Field experience will provide the basis for this course. Volunteer placements with community organizations/agencies will allow each student further development of writing, organization, budgeting, and planning skills. 2 hours activity. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 3.0 units. (005358)
Prerequisites: JOUR 244, JOUR 260, JOUR 341, JOUR 344.
Advanced public relations field experience. Repeating this course for credit requires faculty permission. Required for public relations option. 6 hours laboratory. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 4.0 units. (004852)
Prerequisites: Faculty permission.
You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Students will experience a wide range of professional situations, conditions, and practice in the journalism/public relations professional setting prior to graduation. Length of internship will vary according to type of placement. Students will be supervised by a practicing member of the profession. Repeatable for credit toward the major up to 3 units with instructor permission. 3 hours supervision. You may take this course more than once for a maximum of 15.0 units. (005362)

JOUR 329 and JOUR 445 are repeatable, with instructor and advisor permission, for a total of 4 units: 2 units for the option core, 2 units toward Group B.

JOUR 489 is repeatable, with instructor and advisor permission, up to 3 units. JOUR 351 and JOUR 355 may be used to fulfill requirements in either Group B or Group C in the Public Relations Option .

Group C - Visual Literacy

1 course selected from:

SUBJ NUM Title Sustainable Units Semester Offered Course Flags
Prerequisites: JOUR 260; JOUR 244 and JOUR 341 for public relations option; JOUR 321 for news-editorial option.
Instruction in persuasive writing, design, and production of public relations publications via desktop publishing. Publications include fliers, institutional advertisements, brochures, and newsletters that are produced to promote the views, products, or services of organizations or companies. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (005352)
Prerequisites: JOUR 260 for majors, no prerequisite for non-majors.
Theory and practice of news photography, including picture-taking for college publications, as well as special photographic projects. 2 hours discussion, 2 hours activity. (002011)
Prerequisites: JOUR 255, JOUR 260.
Instruction in using the Internet as a reporting tool and a publishing platform. Focus on technological changes in mass communication, especially newspapers and magazines. Emphasis on writing stories for the Internet and production of an online publication. 1 hour lecture, 2 hours discussion. (005357)
Prerequisites: ARTS 240 or APCG 112 or CDES 206 or JOUR 353.
This course deals with the advanced skills, theory, history, and ethics of newspaper and magazine photojournalism. It builds on basics from the prerequisite course to develop the photography skills of students who seek to become professional photojournalists. 2 hours lecture, 2 hours activity. (020492)
Prerequisites: JOUR 355.
This course focuses on skills required to create and publish Web sites that feature interactive journalism. Students learn effective strategies in the production of multimedia news and public relations for online readers. 3 hours lecture. (020493)

Electives Requirement:

To complete the total units required for the bachelor's degree, select additional elective courses from the total University offerings. You should consult with an advisor regarding the selection of courses which will provide breadth to your University experience and possibly apply to a supportive second major or minor.

Grading Requirement:

All courses taken to fulfill major course requirements must be taken for a letter grade except those courses specified by the department as Credit/No Credit grading only.

Advising Requirement:

Advising is mandatory for all majors in this degree program. Consult your undergraduate advisor for specific information.

Honors in the Major:

Honors in the Major is a program of independent work in your major. It requires 6 units of honors course work completed over two semesters.

The Honors in the Major program allows you to work closely with a faculty mentor in your area of interest on an original performance or research project. This year-long collaboration allows you to work in your field at a professional level and culminates in a public presentation of your work. Students sometimes take their projects beyond the University for submission in professional journals, presentation at conferences, or academic competition. Such experience is valuable for graduate school and professional life. Your honors work will be recognized at your graduation, on your permanent transcripts, and on your diploma. It is often accompanied by letters of commendation from your mentor in the department or the department chair.

Some common features of Honors in the Major program are:

  1. You must take 6 units of Honors in the Major course work. All 6 units are honors classes (marked by a suffix of H), and at least 3 of these units are independent study (399H, 499H, 599H) as specified by your department. You must complete each class with a minimum grade of B.
  2. You must have completed 9 units of upper-division course work or 21 overall units in your major before you can be admitted to Honors in the Major. Check the requirements for your major carefully, as there may be specific courses that must be included in these units.
  3. Your cumulative GPA should be at least 3.5 or within the top 5% of majors in your department.
  4. Your GPA in your major should be at least 3.5 or within the top 5% of majors in your department.
  5. Most students apply for or are invited to participate in Honors in the Major during the second semester of their junior year. Then they complete the 6 units of course work over the two semesters of their senior year.
  6. Your honors work culminates with a public presentation of your honors project.

While Honors in the Major is part of the Honors Program, each department administers its own program. Please contact your major department or major advisor to apply.

Note: Students majoring in journalism who elect to complete the minor in Management or Marketing should see their advisor.

Catalog Cycle:11