Biological Sciences (BIOL)

See Course Description Symbols and Terms for an explanation of course description terminology and symbols, the course numbering system, and course credit units.


BIOL 102  Introduction to Living Systems  3 Units  GE  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
An integrated study of the nature and interactions of living things and their environments. This course is an introduction to the processes of evolution and speciation, ecology and ecosystem processes, cellular biology and organismal physiology. The course is primarily for students without a strong background in high school biology or chemistry. The course includes online content delivery, in-class discussion, and a hands-on activity session. 2 hours activity, 2 hours discussion.  (020372)  
General Education: Laboratory Activity (B3); Life Science (B2)  
Cross listing(s): SCED 102  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
BIOL 103  Human Anatomy  4 Units  GE  
Typically Offered: Spring, summer, fall  
Study of the structure of the human body, to include muscles, bones, heart, brain, ear, eye, and other systems, as well as a short look at development of the fetus. Lab work entails dissection of the cat and study of the human skeleton. 2 hours activity, 3 hours lecture.  (001110)  
General Education: Laboratory Activity (B3); Life Science (B2)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
BIOL 104  Human Physiology  4 Units  GE  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Basic functioning of the organ systems of the human body, including the brain and nervous system; vision and hearing; heart and circulation; blood and immunity; respiration, digestion and metabolism; muscles; excretory, endocrine, and reproductive systems. 2 hours activity, 3 hours lecture.  (001114)  
General Education: Laboratory Activity (B3); Life Science (B2)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
BIOL 105  Food, Fiber, and Drugs  3 Units  GE  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Designed specifically for non-majors. Emphasis on broad biological principles, as illustrated by plants, and the economic importance and role of plants in human ecology. 2 hours activity, 2 hours lecture.  (001119)  
General Education: Laboratory Activity (B3); Life Science (B2)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
BIOL 109  The Biological University Experience  1 Unit  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
A university success course for biology majors new to California State University, Chico. Appropriate for all incoming freshmen and transfer students. The course explores academic and social opportunities in addition to resources available to promote successful completion of the student's educational goals. Meets twice a week for the first half of the semester. 1 hour lecture.  (021133)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 1 unit  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
BIOL 161  Principles of Ecological, Evolutionary, and Organismal Biology  4 Units  GE  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Introduction to evolutionary history and biological diversity, microbes and protists, invertebrates, vertebrates, and plants. Form and function of plants and animals. Ecological principles. 3 hours laboratory, 3 hours lecture.  (001123)  
General Education: Laboratory Activity (B3); Life Science (B2)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division; Sustainable Course  
BIOL 162  Principles of Cellular and Molecular Biology  4 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: CHEM 107 or CHEM 111; or department permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Introduction to biological molecules, bioenergetics, cellular structure and function, elements of molecular biology and genetics, and mechanisms of macroevolution and systematics. 3 hours laboratory, 3 hours lecture.  (001122)  
General Education: Laboratory Activity (B3); Life Science (B2)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division; Sustainable Course  
BIOL 163  Principles of Physiology and Development  4 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: BIOL 162 or department permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Introduction to plant and animal physiology and development. Laboratory consists of small group independent investigations of biological questions that include student-devised experiments; application of biological techniques, data analysis, and peer reviewed presentation of results. 3 hours laboratory, 3 hours lecture.  (020284)  
General Education: Laboratory Activity (B3); Life Science (B2)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
BIOL 198  Special Topics  1-3 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is for special topics offered for 1.0-3.0 units. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See the Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. 3 hours discussion.  (001135)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course more than once  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
BIOL 211  Allied Health Microbiology  4 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Introduction to structure/function, metabolism, genetics, ecological interactions and pathogenic mechanisms of microorganisms. In addition, the roles of microorganisms in sanitation and in the food and biotechnology industries will be discussed. 3 hours laboratory, 3 hours lecture.  (001132)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
BIOL 302  Evolution  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: One biological sciences course; GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Analysis of the evidence for evolution and the nature of the process. Darwinism, neo-Darwinism, sociobiology, conflicts and misconceptions regarding evolution, creationism, and evolution of the human body and mind are considered. 3 hours discussion.  (001139)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Race, Ethnicity, and Sovereignty Pathway; Science, Technology, and Society Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 302W  Evolution (W)  3 Units  GE, W  
Prerequisite: One biological sciences course; GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Analysis of the evidence for evolution and the nature of the process. Darwinism, neo-Darwinism, sociobiology, conflicts and misconceptions regarding evolution, creationism, and evolution of the human body and mind are considered. 1 hour discussion, 2 hours lecture.  (021355)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Race, Ethnicity, and Sovereignty Pathway; Science, Technology, and Society Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Writing Course  
BIOL 303  Human Genetics  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: One biological sciences course; GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
The inheritance, expression, and evolution of the genetic material in humans. Topics include genetic engineering, gene therapy, prenatal diagnosis, cancer, the human genome project, genetic influences on human behavior, such as homosexuality and mental illness, and the social and ethical consequences of the new technologies. 3 hours discussion.  (001140)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Equity, Ethics, and Policy Pathway; Science, Technology, and Society Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 311  Pandemics, Germs, and Society  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Life Sciences (B2); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course provides students with a general overview of microbes (bacteria, fungi, viruses) before introducing concepts related to 1) how novel pathogens emerge to cause pandemics, 2) the science of vaccines and information literacy related to making wise decisions about vaccination, and 3) how public health measures are implemented to restrict the spread of pathogens. In addition, students become familiar with the beneficial uses of microbes and their metabolites in agriculture, nutrition, and sustainable energy. 3 hours lecture.  (022232)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Health and Wellness Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 318  Biology of Childhood  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: One biological sciences course; GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Basic biological principles, including the scientific method, reproduction, development, physiology, and anatomy. The biological basis of childhood diseases, immunity, nutrition, issues of health and well-being, and the relevance of biological information in social, political, and ethical decision making regarding children. 3 hours discussion.  (001151)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Health and Wellness Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 322W  Science and Human Values (W)  3 Units  GE, W  
Prerequisite: One biological sciences course; GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Critically examines scientific and humanistic world views and sensibilities, directly applying these approaches to contemporary social and personal problems. 3 hours lecture.  (021254)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Equity, Ethics, and Policy Pathway; Sustainability and Climate Change Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course; Writing Course  
BIOL 323  Biology of Sex  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: One biological sciences course, GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course explores sex, gender, sexual expression, and mating behavior in humans and non-humans from an evolutionary biological perspective. Why does sex exist? Why do genders exist? What are the alternatives? Why is sex expression so variable in nature? What explains the diversity of courtship and mating behaviors? The course emphasizes lessons gleaned from applying the principles of scientific inquiry toward the study of these and related questions. 3 hours lecture.  (021160)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Gender and Sexuality Pathway; Race, Ethnicity, and Sovereignty Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 330  California Ethnobotany  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
California Ethnobotany explores people/plant relationships through California history. We investigate the complex politics, economics, and diverse cultural traditions associated with plants in California. The course emphasizes: 1) traditional Native American gathering practices and uses, 2) introduced plants and traditions of immigrants, 3) the cross-cultural conversation of sharing plant knowledge, and 4) the emerging practices of people seeking to reconnect with using wild plants as food and "botanicals". Students discuss relevant literature and participate in hands-on exercises in plant identification, cultivation, ethical collecting, and representative preparation techniques. Special focus on Northern California, including the Mechoopda Maidu Indian Tribe of Chico Rancheria. 2 hours activity, 2 hours lecture.  (022230)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); California Studies Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 334  Conservation Ecology  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: One biological sciences course; GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
An examination of ecological principles and the impact of increasing population and technology upon the environment. 3 hours discussion.  (001156)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); California Studies Pathway; Sustainability and Climate Change Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
BIOL 345  Health and Lifestyle Diseases  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: One lower-division course in Biological Sciences; GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
An evaluation of the most common major diseases that affect our society and the lifestyle choices that contributes to them. A major theme is that the risk of acquiring many diseases can be reduced through lifestyle changes. 3 hours discussion.  (001165)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Health and Wellness Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 350W  Fundamentals of Ecology (W)  3 Units  W, GW  
Prerequisite: GE Written Communication (A2) requirement; BIOL 161 or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Some taxonomic background is recommended. Interrelationships among living organisms, field observations of such phenomena. Application of quantitative and qualitative methods to the interpretation of ecological phenomena. 2 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001206)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course; Writing Course; Graduation Writing Assessment  
BIOL 360  Genetics  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 163 or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
A detailed study of the principles of classical, molecular, and population/evolutionary genetics. Activities will include computer simulations of segregation, linkage, and population genetics, internet-based database searches for genetic diseases and cloned genes, and searches of the current genetic literature. 1 hour discussion, 3 hours lecture.  (001173)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 369  Advanced Plant Biology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161, BIOL 162, and BIOL 163, or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Advanced study of plant anatomy, morphology, physicology, ecology, and evolution. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (020280)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 370  Advanced Zoology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161, BIOL 162, and BIOL 163, or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Advanced study of animal anatomy, morphology, physiology, ecology, and evolution. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (020281)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 371W  Microbiology (W)  4 Units  W, GW  
Prerequisite: GE Written Communication (A2) requirement; BIOL 161, BIOL 162, BIOL 163, or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Introduction to the biology of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms, as well as viruses. Topics include cell structure, metabolism, genetics; ecological interactions; pathogenic mechanisms; and the roles of microorganisms in sanitation, food production, and biotechnology. The lab focuses on methods for growing and studying diverse microbes. 6 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (020279)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Writing Course; Graduation Writing Assessment  
BIOL 389  Clin Laboratory Observation  1 Unit  
Prerequisite: Microbiology/Clinical Laboratory Science majors with no previous clinical laboratory experience and who have completed BIOL 470W; faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Students observe in a clinical hospital laboratory and in a private clinical laboratory. 1 hour discussion.  (001161)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 15 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 398  Special Topics  1-3 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is for special topics offered for 1.0-3.0 units. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See the Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. 3 hours discussion.  (001166)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course more than once  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 399  Special Problems  1-3 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is an independent study of special problems offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Research in biology under direct supervision of faculty member. For majors only. This course counts toward the upper-division biology units required for the BS. 9 hours supervision.  (001167)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 402  Microbial Ecology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161. Recommended: BIOL 371W.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
The roles and interactions of viruses, bacteria, algae, protozoa, and fungi in the natural and human environment, stressing fundamental principles of ecology and evolution. 3 hours laboratory, 3 hours lecture.  (001225)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 404  Aquatic Ecology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161, CHEM 112.  
Typically Offered: Fall only even years  
Physical, chemical, and biological factors influencing the ecology of inland waters. 3 hours laboratory, 3 hours lecture.  (001207)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
BIOL 408  Principles of Evolution  3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 360.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
A detailed study of the evolutionary process, including history, natural selection, population genetics, molecular evolution, speciation, coevolution, and macroevolution. 3 hours discussion.  (001201)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 409  Molecular Biology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 163, BIOL 360.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Detailed analysis of structure and related functions of cells with an emphasis on the molecular mechanisms of gene expression and gene regulation. Lectures and laboratory sessions focus on current theories and methodologies associated with cloning, nucleic acid analysis, gene expression, bioinformatics, and genomics. 6 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (020282)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 411  Cell Biology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 163, BIOL 360.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Detailed study of cellular function with an emphasis on intracellular and intercellular communication. Topics include protein structure and function, properties of biological membranes, signal transduction, protein trafficking pathways, vesicular transport, cell cycle, apotopsis and cancer. 3 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001169)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 412W  Bacterial Physiology (W)  4 Units  W, GW  
Prerequisite: GE Written Communication (A2) requirement; BIOL 360, BIOL 371W, CHEM 370.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Study of bacterial structure and function, modes of metabolism, regulatory responses to environmental change and stress, and microbial aspects of nutrition and growth. 2 hours discussion, 6 hours laboratory.  (001222)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Writing Course; Graduation Writing Assessment  
BIOL 414  Plant Physiology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 163 or SCED 102; CHEM 108 or CHEM 270; or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Functions in higher plants; water and soil relations, photosynthesis, respiration, enzyme action, and growth. 3 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001181)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 416  Vertebrate Physiology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 162, BIOL 163; CHEM 108 or CHEM 270.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
General features of vertebrate physiology. Function of muscular, nervous, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, and endocrine systems. 2 hours discussion, 6 hours laboratory.  (001180)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 418  Neurophysiology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161, BIOL 163; CHEM 108 or CHEM 270.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
This course provides students with background and fundamental information necessary to pursue neuroscience at the graduate or professional level. Cellular and molecular mechanisms within mammalian central nervous system are emphasized. 3 hours laboratory, 3 hours lecture.  (001219)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 422  General Entomology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161 or faculty permission. Recommended: BIOL 163.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
The morphology, ecology, and physiology of insects. Economic entomology and medical entomology, and taxonomy. 2 hours discussion, 6 hours laboratory.  (001210)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 426  Developmental Biology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161, BIOL 163, or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Principles and theories of animal development, emphasizing the vertebrate. 3 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001188)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 428  Animal Behavior  3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 163.  
Typically Offered: Fall only odd years  
Consideration of the basic problems in animal behavior, including orientation, social behavior, and the nature and organization of animal societies. 2 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001205)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 430  Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161, BIOL 163.  
Typically Offered: Fall only odd years  
Explanation of the anatomical similarities and differences of selected vertebrates. The evolution and adaptive significance of various systems are considered. 2 hours discussion, 6 hours laboratory.  (001171)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 432  Biology of Fishes  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161.  
Typically Offered: Fall only odd years  
Morphology, ecology, behavior, and systematics of California fishes, with an introduction to fisheries biology. 3 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001208)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 433  Herpetology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161.  
Typically Offered: Spring only even years  
The morphology, evolution, physiology, behavior, ecology, and taxonomy of amphibians and reptiles. California amphibians and reptiles are emphasized, including field studies of local species. 3 hours laboratory, 3 hours lecture.  (001212)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 434  Ornithology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161, BIOL 163.  
Typically Offered: Spring only even years  
The morphology, evolution, ecology, physiology, taxonomy, and behavior of birds, including field studies of local species. 2 hours discussion, 6 hours laboratory.  (001213)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 435  Mammalogy  3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Study of evolution, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and behavior of mammals. California mammals will be emphasized in lab. 2 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001215)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 436  Waterfowl Biology  3 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
This lecture, lab, and field course exposes students to the evolution, ecology, morphology, classification, and identification of North American waterfowl. Additionally, this course has a strong hands-on wetland management component, as well as extensive exposure to the primary literature. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (021105)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 442  Plant Morphology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 163.  
Typically Offered: Fall only odd years  
Comparative morphology of plant types, emphasizing evolution of structures and methods of reproduction. 3 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001191)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 446  Plant Pathology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 163 or PSSC 101 or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Study of plant pathology encompassing parasitism and disease in plants, pathogen attack strategies, diseased plant physiology, plant defense mechanisms, environmental effects on disease and descriptions of diseases and treatments. 3 hours laboratory, 3 hours lecture.  (001194)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 448  Plant Diversity and Identification  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161 or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Principles of plant classification with field study of local flora, emphasizing the higher plants and their phylogenetic relationships. 2 hours discussion, 6 hours laboratory.  (001198)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 451  Plant Geography  3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161, BIOL 369.  
Typically Offered: Fall only even years  
The composition and distribution of plant communities, emphasizing the ecological, environmental, and evolutionary processes that affect them. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (020283)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 460  Histology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 161, BIOL 163.  
Typically Offered: Spring only odd years  
Microscopic analysis of tissues, organs, and organ systems of vertebrates emphasizing mammalian histophysiology. 3 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001170)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 462  Hematology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 163. Recommended: CHEM 270.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
The study of blood in normal and abnormal conditions. 2 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001174)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 466  Immunology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 163.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
The development and expression of the immune response, the basic principles of antigen-antibody reactions and their relevance to medicine, genetics, taxonomy, and evolution. 3 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001220)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 470W  Medical Bacteriology (W)  5 Units  W, GW  
Prerequisite: GE Written Communication (A2) requirement; BIOL 371W, CHEM 270.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Immunization against tetanus and diphtheria required. Biological characteristics of medically important bacteria. Mechanisms of pathogenecity and host-resistance. Laboratory procedures for isolation and identification. 3 hours discussion, 6 hours laboratory.  (001182)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 5 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Writing Course; Graduation Writing Assessment  
BIOL 472  Microbial Genetics  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 162. Recommended: BIOL 360 and BIOL 371W.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
The molecular basis of mutation and recombination, mechanisms of gene transfer, transcription in bacteria and bacteriophages, genetics and biochemistry of regulation of bacterial operons, and bacteriophage development, and recombinant DNA application to genetic engineering. 3 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001224)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 476  General Virology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 162, BIOL 371W. Recommended: BIOL 360.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
The physical, chemical, and biological properties of bacteria and animal viruses, and their interactions with the host at cellular and organismic levels. 3 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (001185)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 482  Bioinformatics for Biologists  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 360, MATH 315.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
This is an introduction to some of the bioinformatics techniques and programs commonly used by biologists to analyze large datasets such as the human genome, microbiomes, proteomic datasets, etc. While not requiring any programming experience, this course includes writing simple queries using SQL and basic programming using Perl scripts. 3 hours laboratory, 3 hours lecture.  (021658)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 484W  Field Ecology (W)  3 Units  W, GW  
Prerequisite: GE Written Communication (A2) requirement, BIOL 161, BIOL 350W.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Principles of ecology illustrated in the context of biotic communities. Field studies using quantitative and qualitative approaches. Laboratory segment offered at local field sites. 1 hour discussion, 6 hours laboratory.  (001203)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course; Writing Course; Graduation Writing Assessment  
BIOL 489  Internship in Biology  1-3 Units  
Prerequisite: Necessary background for the specific internship.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This internship course is offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register with a supervising faculty member. The internship program is designed to provide students with direct field or laboratory research experience in occupational settings. 9 hours supervision.  (001228)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 15 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 490  Peer Mentoring in the Biological Sciences  2 Units  
Prerequisite: Faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Lecture/discussions to train peer mentors for the biology majors' introductory courses laboratory sections. Peer mentors' laboratories are scheduled to coincide with a lab section for the course in which they are mentoring. Peer mentors assist the laboratory instructor in all phases of lab planning, set-up, and tear-down. In addition peer mentors become involved in laboratory instruction including explaining procedures, providing demonstrations, answering questions, and student evaluation. Peer mentors are encouraged to offer help during the scheduled lab period when first-year mentees inquire about class choices, studying, and other student issues. The peer mentoring program is a rewarding way to help first-year students become part of the university and community. 3 hours independent study, 1 hour lecture.  (021033)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 492  Seminars in Biological Science  1 Unit  
Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Analysis of seminars on various topics in the biological sciences. 1 hour seminar.  (001232)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 494  Senior Seminar in Biology  1 Unit  
Prerequisite: Senior standing.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Presentation and discussion of scientific reports based on current literature. 1 hour seminar.  (001230)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 495  Science Teaching Experience  1 Unit  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Science teaching experience for undergraduate students with K-12 students from local schools. 3 hours laboratory.  (021975)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 2 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 498  Special Topics  1-4 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is for special topics offered for 1.0-4.0 units. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See the Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. 0 hours seminar.  (001242)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course more than once  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 499  Special Topics  1-3 Units  
Prerequisite: Faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is an independent study of special problems offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. 9 hours supervision.  (001243)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 499H  Honors Research in Biological Sciences  3-6 Units  
Prerequisite: Faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Inquire at department  
An intensive 6-unit, one-year course in biological research. See department office for details. (Open only to students with at least a 3.0 GPA in the major.) The course will consist of participation in a team research effort. 9 hours supervision.  (001244)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
BIOL 600  Research in Biological Sciences  3 Units  
Prerequisite: Admission into the graduate program in biology or botany.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Orientation to literature review and thesis research. Strategies and techniques used in molecular, cellular, organismic, and ecological research. Required of all biology/botany graduate students during their first fall semester and will include sign-up for the Graduate Qualifying Examination to be given the next semester. 3 hours seminar.  (001245)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
BIOL 601  Scientific Presentations  2 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 399, BIOL 499H, BIOL 697, or BIOL 699T.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Students will learn, develop, and practice the skills required to make effective oral presentations of scientific data. Presentation formats to be discussed will include the "elevator speech," chalk talk, poster presentation, and formal research presentations often given at scientific conferences. 2 hours lecture.  (022157)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 2 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
BIOL 602  Scientific Writing  2 Units  
Prerequisite: Candidacy for MS in Biological Sciences.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Students will learn, discuss, and practice the characteristics and elements of effective scientific writing. Emphasis will be placed on completing a written research proposal or graduate thesis. 2 hours lecture.  (022158)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 2 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
BIOL 605  Biological Seminar  1 Unit  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Presentation and discussion of reports based on current biological literature and special studies by graduate students. 1 hour seminar.  (001249)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
BIOL 609  Advanced Cellular/Molecular Biology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 409 or CHEM 451.  
Typically Offered: Fall only even years  
Theory and strategies used in procaryotic and eucaryotic molecular biology. DNA manipulations, cloning systems, immunological assays, and protein purification and analytical techniques. 3 hours laboratory, 3 hours seminar.  (001279)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
BIOL 610  Topics in Cell/Molecular Biology  1-3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 609.  
Typically Offered: Inquire at department  
This course is a special topic offered for 1.0-3.0 units. Detailed discussion of selected topics in molecular and cellular biology. Extensive survey of current literature and analysis of research strategies. Topics are selected and advertised by instructor. Past topics have included molecular actions between plants and microbes; pathogenesis of disease; oncogenes and signal transduction. 1 hour discussion.  (001281)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 9 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
BIOL 611  Advanced Physiology/Cell Biology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 411 or BIOL 414 or BIOL 416.  
Typically Offered: Fall only odd years  
Examination of the underlying molecular and bio-chemical mechanisms which allow physiological adaptations, establishment of pattern formation and differentiation of eucaryotic organisms. 3 hours laboratory, 3 hours seminar.  (001280)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
BIOL 612  Topics in Physiological/Developmental Biology  1-3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 611.  
Typically Offered: Inquire at department  
This course is a special topic offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Detailed discussion of selected contemporary topics in physiological and developmental biology. Topic will be selected and advertised by the instructor. 1 hour discussion.  (001285)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 9 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
BIOL 613  Population Ecology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 350W.  
Typically Offered: Spring only odd years  
Study and lecture/discussion of population ecology, with an emphasis on field methods used on local populations. 6 hours laboratory, 2 hours seminar.  (001303)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division; Sustainable Course  
BIOL 614  Topics in Ecology and Systematics  1-3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 350W.  
Typically Offered: Fall only even years  
This course is a special topic offered for 1.0-3.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Detailed investigation of selected special topics in ecology, systematics, or evolutionary biology. Extensive survey of current literature. Topics will be selected and advertised by the instructor. 0 hours seminar.  (001291)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division; Sustainable Course  
BIOL 616  Foundations of Ecology  3 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Course provides a historical overview of the development of the fields of ecology through study of foundational works and contemporary literature with applications of modern analytical tools and experimental design. 3 hours lecture.  (022159)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
BIOL 617  Foundations of Evolutionary Biology  3 Units  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
This course provides a historical overview of the development of the field of evolutionary biology through study of foundational works and contemporary literature with applications of modern analytical tools and experimental design. 3 hours lecture.  (022160)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
BIOL 660  Landscape Ecology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 350W or GEOG 444; MATH 314 or MATH 350 or GEOG 315.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
This course emphasizes spatial patterning in the landscapeits causes, development, and importance for ecological and environmental processes. The course includes the study of ecological and anthropologic aspects of landscape pattern and change. The laboratory includes hands-on experience with tools used in landscape ecology. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (020295)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division; Sustainable Course  
BIOL 668  Community and Ecosystem Ecology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 350W and a statistics course.  
Typically Offered: Spring only even years  
The analysis, modeling, and computer simulation of the structure and function of communities and ecosystems, with emphasis on patterns of competition, predation, energy and nutrient flow and succession. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours seminar.  (001305)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division; Sustainable Course  
BIOL 672  Plant Ecology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 350W, BIOL 448, graduate standing.  
Typically Offered: Spring only odd years  
Autecology, emphasizing California vascular plants, with focus on current topics in behavioral and reproductive ecology. Field project work and detailed literature survey. 6 hours laboratory, 2 hours seminar.  (001299)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division; Sustainable Course  
BIOL 692  Advanced Biology Seminar Series  1 Unit  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Experts in various fields of Biology present their research each week. Following each presentation students are required to write a paper that summarizes and critiques the presentation. 1 hour lecture.  (021960)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
BIOL 697  Independent Study  1-4 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is a graduate-level independent study. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Survey and careful study of literature, experimentation, observation, and collection of data in field and laboratory. 9 hours supervision.  (001319)  
Grade Basis: Report in Progress: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
BIOL 699T  Master's Thesis  1-6 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is a master's study offered for 1.0-6.0 units. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. 3 hours supervision.  (001320)  
Grade Basis: Report in Progress: CR/NC  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division