Earth and Environmental Sciences (ERTH)

See Course Description Symbols and Terms for an explanation of course description terminology and symbols, the course numbering system, and course credit units.


ERTH 101  Our Changing Planet  3 Units  GE  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Earth materials, processes, and history, and their significance to humans in California and societies around the world. No college credit for students who have passed ERTH 102. 2 hours activity, 2 hours lecture.  (004067)  
General Education: Laboratory Activity (B3); Physical Science (B1)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 102  Physical Geology  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: High school chemistry or physics is recommended; students with no previous science courses are advised to enroll in ERTH 101. No college credit for those who have passed ERTH 101.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Physical and chemical processes in the earth, including origin and identification of rocks and minerals; earth's interior; movements and major features of the earth's crust; erosion and sedimentation; geological structures; topographic maps; mineral resources. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (004069)  
General Education: Laboratory Activity (B3); Physical Science (B1)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 104  Inquiry into the Science of Climate Change  3 Units  GE  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
An experiential course that develops skills in critical thinking through inquiry into and analysis of arguments about climate change science (e.g. greenhouse effect, fossil fuels, evidence for human-caused global warming, predictions of our climate future, climate change solutions, etc.). 3 hours lecture.  (021130)  
General Education: Critical Thinking (A3)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
ERTH 110  Oceanography  3 Units  GE  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Introduction to the ocean environment with a special emphasis on exploring the interactions between the geological, physical, chemical and biological processes. Topics include how ocean basins developed and changed over geological time scales and how the properties of seawater are linked and provide the foundation for marine life, motion, and climate. 2 hours activity, 2 hours lecture.  (021716)  
General Education: Laboratory Activity (B3); Physical Science (B1)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
ERTH 130  Introduction to Environmental Science  3 Units  GE  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
An introduction to human impact upon planet Earth. Scientific principles applied to air pollution, water pollution, and solid and radioactive waste problems. Population dynamics, world hunger, and environmental issue analysis are also covered. 2 hours activity, 2 hours lecture.  (004131)  
General Education: Laboratory Activity (B3); Physical Science (B1)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 165  Principles of Environmental Science  2 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
An introduction to environmental science as an integrative field of study and its parent disciplines. Field and laboratory techniques are introduced through examination of case studies. Students learn about the various professions engaged in environmental and resource management. 3 hours laboratory, 1 hour lecture.  (020687)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 2 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 170  Atmospheric Science  3 Units  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Composition and mean vertical structure of the atmosphere, energy and warming and cooling of the atmosphere and the surface, atmospheric water vapor, cloud types, static stability, the formation of clouds, precipitation, air pressure, and wind. 3 hours lecture.  (004130)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
ERTH 198  Special Topics  1-3 Units  
Prerequisite: Department permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is for special topics. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See the Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. 3 hours discussion.  (004136)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course more than once  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
ERTH 199  Special Problems  1-3 Units  
Prerequisite: Faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is an independent study of special problems. 9 hours supervision.  (020352)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
ERTH 203  Principles of Historical Geology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 101 or ERTH 102.  
Typically Offered: Fall only odd years  
Principles of historical geology as they relate to rock sequences and geologic maps. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (004070)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
ERTH 265  Soils and Surficial Processes  3 Units  
Prerequisite: CHEM 111 (may be taken concurrently); ERTH 101, ERTH 102, ERTH 165 or SCED 343 (may be taken concurrently).  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
In-depth survey of the hydrologic cycle, and soil systems. Interactions between these systems are examined through case studies. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (020723)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 289  Geoscience Internship  1-3 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is an internship. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. 9 hours supervision.  (021015)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 15 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
ERTH 299  Special Problems  1-3 Units  
Prerequisite: Faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is an independent study of special problems. 9 hours supervision.  (020353)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Lower Division  
ERTH 300W  Earth System Science (W)  3 Units  W, GW  
Prerequisite: GE Written Communication (A2) requirement; CHEM 107 or CHEM 111; PHYS 202A or PHYS 204A or PHYS 341.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
An intermediate treatment of astronomy, meteorology, and oceanography, with emphasis on climate change and its impacts. 3 hours discussion.  (004137)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course; Writing Course; Graduation Writing Assessment  
ERTH 303  Invertebrate Paleontology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 102 or course in Biology.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Study of main groups of invertebrate fossils and their uses in biostratigraphy, paleobiogeography, and paleoecology. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (004138)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 304  Atmospheric Science II  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 170.  
Typically Offered: Fall only even years  
Air masses and fronts, midlatitudes cyclones, weather and climate prediction, severe weather including thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes, climate and global climate change, and air pollution. 3 hours lecture.  (022010)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 306  Mineralogy and Lithology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 101 or ERTH 102; CHEM 107 or CHEM 111 or equivalent; or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Identification and origins of the more common minerals and rocks. 4 hours activity, 2 hours lecture.  (004080)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 307  Stratigraphy  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 203 and ERTH 306 (both may be taken concurrently), or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Basic concepts of stratigraphy. Methods of strata description, correlation, mapping, and interpretation. Sedimentary tectonics and lithic associations. Graphic representation of data. 2 hours discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (004081)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 310  Geological Field Reconnaissance  2 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 101 or ERTH 102.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Faculty permission required to take the course a second time for credit. Generalized field study of geologically noteworthy areas. (Minimum of eight consecutive days in the field during January intersession or spring vacation; and additional work or classroom meetings.) 6 hours supervision.  (004083)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 315  Pollution Science  3 Units  
Prerequisite: CHEM 107 or CHEM 111; ERTH 265.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Principles and applications of major natural and anthropogenic pollution processes which include origins, transport, and sinks of contaminants in the environment. Topics include acid rain, mine waste and drainage, and agricultural pesticides. Environmental impacts, remediation and control of pollution are discussed. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (020373)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 320  Water Equity and Power  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
California law mandates that every human has the right to safe, clean, affordable, and accessible water, yet inequities in water policy, resource allocation (quantities of water available), and water quality are prevalent throughout the state as well as globally. This course explores how water resource management (distribution and use of surface water and groundwater) is impacted by water law and policy, which in turn have critical equity issues associated with water supply and quality. Students examine the competing needs of industrial, agricultural, and residential water users in the context of economic impacts and pressures on the environment. The implications of water rights and key water policies are considered when evaluating how water is used. 3 hours lecture.  (022290)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Equity, Ethics, and Policy Pathway; Race, Ethnicity, and Sovereignty Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 321  Introduction to Meteorology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 170.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Survey of physical and dynamic meteorology. Topics covered include thermodynamics, radiation, clouds and precipitation formation, tropical and extratropical weather systems, forecasting, and climate change. 3 hours lecture.  (004140)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 322  Mineral Resources  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 102 or equivalent.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Where do the 82 elements in our cell phones come from? Why do we see the scars of historical mining across the landscape of northern California? What is acid mine drainage and how can we prevent or treat it? These questions and more are addressed in this course, which explores the mineral resources available on Earth, and the environmental impacts associated with their extraction and use. There are positive and negative aspects to the extraction and use of each resource, and we strive to consider the economic, societal, and political aspects of these topics in addition to the environmental aspects in order to gain a more rounded perspective. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (022042)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 325  Geology of California  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 101 or ERTH 102.  
Typically Offered: Spring only even years  
Geologic setting of California and historical development of its geologic provinces. The impact of earthquakes, volcanic activity, coastal erosion, and earth resources on California. Field trip required. 3 hours discussion.  (004085)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 330  Environmental Science  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Physical Sciences (B1); GE Life Sciences (B2); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Spring, summer, fall  
Human impact on life-support systems; use of physical and ecological principles in environmental management and protection; discussion of land use and its environmental impact; and an evaluation of human influence on natural cycles. 3 hours lecture.  (004141)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Sustainability and Climate Change Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 330W  Environmental Science (W)  3 Units  GE, W  
Prerequisite: GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Physical Sciences (B1); GE Life Sciences (B2); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Human impact on life-support systems; use of physical and ecological principles in environmental management and protection; discussion of land use and its environmental impact; and an evaluation of human influence on natural cycles. 3 hours lecture.  (021331)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Sustainability and Climate Change Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course; Writing Course  
ERTH 340  Sustainability of Marine Environments: The Fate between People and the Sea  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
In this course, students learn what is necessary to become good stewards of the ocean ecosystem. Discussions of stewardship focus on the importance of sustainable ocean management and explore how competing interests among countries impact international plans to use and manage ocean resources. In addition to this top-down approach of ocean management, this course also examines the role of individual responsibility for preservation of the ocean environment, as well as justice issues for marginalized communities who rely on the ocean. During these discussions, students also learn how the physio-chemical properties of seawater (i.e., temperature, density, salinity, sounds, light) are linked and provide the foundation for marine life, motion (i.e., currents, tides, waves, transportation), energy, and climate. 3 hours lecture.  (022295)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Sustainability and Climate Change Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 341  Teaching Practicum in Geological and Environmental Sciences  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 102 or SCED 342.  
Typically Offered: Inquire at department  
This course provides students with classroom experience that utilizes a variety of interactive, engaging teaching styles that develop and reinforce skills and concepts through open-ended activities such as direct instruction, discourse, demonstrations, individual and cooperative learning explorations, peer instruction, and student-centered discussion. 9 hours supervision.  (020329)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 342  Concepts in Earth and Space Science  3 Units  
Prerequisite: SCED 141, SCED 142, GE Physical Sciences (B1), or GE Life Sciences (B2). Open to Liberal Studies online students only.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is for future elementary/middle school teachers and designed to meet the Elementary Subject Matter Standards required by the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing. The overall goal is to provide a learning environment that fosters content knowledge and interest in teaching earth and space science and appreciation for the role that science plays in our everyday lives. 3 hours lecture.  (022004)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 352  Recovery of Altered Ecosystems  3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 350W (may be taken concurrently), ERTH 265 and ERTH 315 (may be taken concurrently).  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
This course provides students with an understanding of the role of stresses and disturbances in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems and natural processes of recovery. Students are introduced to the practices used to modify, restore, and remediate ecosystems altered by human activities and develop a restoration program for a nearby, altered ecosystem that contains both land and water components. In addition, we discuss policy and regulations as they relate to specific projects. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (021925)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 353  Environmental Fluid Mechanics  3 Units  
Prerequisite: MATH 109 or MATH 120; PHYS 202A or PHYS 204A.  
Typically Offered: Fall only odd years  
Fluids (gases and liquids) are ubiquitous and play central roles in shaping the environment and transporting heat, momentum, pollutants, and constituents that support life and control climate. This course provides students with an introduction to fundamental concepts in fluid mechanics and an illumination of the vital and fascinating, and often non-intuitive, world of fluid phenomena. 3 hours lecture.  (022002)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 355  Natural Disasters  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Physical Sciences (B1), GE Life Sciences (B2); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
The purpose of this course is to provide students with the material and opportunity to learn the science behind geological and natural disasters and gain an appreciation of how these events shape both our lives and the development of societies with specific reference to California. The course focuses on, but not be limited to, a discussion of how much of a disaster is a natural phenomenon and how much a tragedy is imposed by the designs of populations. Along the way, we develop the methodology of science and build writing and quantitative skills. 3 hours lecture.  (004148)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); California Studies Pathway; Sustainability and Climate Change Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 360  Field Methods  2 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 306, ERTH 307 with a grade of C- or higher.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Elementary geologic field methods, descriptive geometry, photogeology, and geologic mapping. Ten days in the field during January intersession. 6 hours laboratory.  (004074)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 2 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 361W  Preparation of the Geological Report (W)  1 Unit  W, GW  
Prerequisite: GE Written Communication (A2) requirement.  
Corequisites: ERTH 360.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
This course is a continuation of the writing experience that is initiated in ERTH 360. It deconstructs scientific writing through a re-writing of the ERTH 360 field report and analysis of other examples of geologic articles. 1 hour lecture.  (004075)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 1 unit  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Writing Course; Graduation Writing Assessment  
ERTH 370W  Energy in the Human Environment (W)  3 Units  W, GW  
Prerequisite: GE Written Communication (A2) requirement; ERTH 170 (may be taken concurrently) or ERTH 306; and PHYS 202A or PHYS 204A (may be taken concurrently).  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Analysis of present and long-term global energy crises; coverage of scientific concepts needed to understand energy and its environmental interactions; in-depth examination of alternative energy sources and their environmental impact. 3 hours lecture.  (004149)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course; Writing Course; Graduation Writing Assessment  
ERTH 375  Geology of Food and Health  3 Units  GE  
Prerequisite: GE Oral Communication (A1); GE Written Communication (A2); GE Critical Thinking (A3); GE Mathematics/Quantitative Reasoning (B4) requirements, or consent of the instructor.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
Focuses on the relation between natural geological factors, food production, and health problems in humans and animals on a global scale, and explores the impacts of diverse proposed solutions on population health and public policy. 3 hours lecture.  (021128)  
General Education: Upper-Division Scientific Inq/Quant Reason (UDB); Agriculture, Food, and Environment Pathway  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 380  Hydrology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: PHYS 202A or PHYS 204A (may be taken concurrently).  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
A survey of the mass transfer processes and storage elements within the hydrologic cycle: precipitation, interception, surface runoff, infiltration, evapo-transpiration, soil water and groundwater. Quantitative methods for estimating flow and storage, use of probability concepts to predict extreme hydrologic events in a time series. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (004150)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 382  Hydrologic Field Methods  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 380 (may be taken concurrently) or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Develops field and related laboratory skills in performing common measurements in surface water and soil water components of the hydrologic cycle. Students learn to critically evaluate the theoretical basis for field methods and hydrologic characterization approaches. 3 hours lecture.  (020641)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 398  Special Topics  1-4 Units  
Prerequisite: Department permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is for special topics. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See the Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. 3 hours discussion.  (004092)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course more than once  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 399  Special Problems  1-3 Units  
Prerequisite: Faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is an independent study of special problems. 3 hours supervision.  (004154)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 403  Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 306 with grade of C- or higher.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Physical-chemical development and geotectonic settings of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Analysis of rock thin sections. Field trip required. 4 hours activity, 2 hours lecture.  (004097)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 408  Structural Geology  4 Units  
Prerequisite: High school or college trigonometry; ERTH 203; ERTH 307 with grade of C- or higher.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Behavior of geologic materials. Folds, faults, small-scale structures in sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks. Graphic methods. 4 hours activity, 2 hours lecture.  (004082)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 4 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 410  Introduction to Watershed Hydrology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 380 or prior hydrology course work and consent of instructor.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
A survey of the hydrologic processes governing the movement and storage of water at the watershed scale. Emphasis is on computer-based methods for characterizing the physical framework and quantifying the resultant hydrology in terms of its temporal and spatial variability. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (004161)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 415  Hydrogeology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: CHEM 111, ERTH 306, ERTH 380, MATH 120; PHYS 202A or PHYS 204A. Recommended: ERTH 307.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Theory and analysis of groundwater flow, including fluid physics, aquifer properties, soil water, groundwater recharge, hydrogeologic environments, aquifer mechanics, and water quality degradation. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (004102)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 420  Earth Systems Modeling  3 Units  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
This course will seek to understand fundamental earth system processes and interactions on a global scale. Particular emphasis is placed on climate change and its impacts. 3 hours lecture.  (021924)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 425  Surficial Processes  3 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall only odd years  
A survey of the processes governing uplift and denudation of landscapes, including isostasy, chemical and physical weathering, mass movements, surface water erosion, formation of channels, and flow and sediment transport. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (004152)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 430  Wetland Ecology and Management  3 Units  
Prerequisite: Upper division standing in BS Environmental Science, BA Biological Sciences, BS Biological Sciences, BS Microbiology, BA Geography, or BS Agriculture. Highly recommended: BIOL 161 and/or BIOL 350W.  
Typically Offered: Fall only even years  
This course examines the ecology, management, and restoration of wetland ecosystems, including biotic and abiotic processes, functions, wildlife and policy discussions. We place emphasis on biological, physical, chemical, and ecological aspects of major wetland ecosystems found in North America. We also discuss ecosystem services, wetland classification/delineation, legal protection of wetlands, and the relationship between wetlands and climate change. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (022003)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 435  Boundary Layer Meteorology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: MATH 109 or MATH 120; PHYS 202A or PHYS 204A.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
The atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) is the lowest part of the Earth's atmosphere that is in constant contact with the surface of the Earth and responds quickly to the thermal and mechanical forcings. The ABL has a very strong role in the vertical fluxes of heat, momentum, and trace gases. Turbulence is the main physical process by which those fluxes occur and hence statistical descriptions are the norm. Therefore, this course focuses on small scale meteorology (also know as micrometeorology), turbulence, and the behavior of the atmosphere near the surface. 3 hours lecture.  (022043)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 436  Volcanology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 101 or ERTH 102, ERTH 306, or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Spring only odd years  
An introduction to physical processes associated with terrestrial and extraterrestrial volcanoes and their products. Specific topics include volcano monitoring, rheologic properties of magma and volcanic flows, experimental volcanology, theoretical and analog flow modeling, as well as in-depth examination of local volcanoes and various eruptions (past, present, and future). This course includes an extended (4-5 days) field trip, required for all students. Students participate in the field by collecting data for future course projects, presenting prepared information at various field trip stops, or both. Students also complete research projects throughout the semester. 3 hours lecture.  (020293)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 440  Environmental Sensing  3 Units  
Prerequisite: PHYS 202B, PHYS 204B, or PHYS 204C (may be taken concurrently).  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Instruments are critical to making quantitative observations, and observations are critical to the scientific method. The subject of environmental instrumentation is vast and constantly changing as new technologies emerge. Through a combination of lectures and hands-on projects, students are (1) introduced to the process of assembling and characterizing an electronic instrument of their own, (2) forming a hypothesis and testing it by collecting data, and (3) writing reports and giving presentations on their results. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (020639)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 455  Sedimentary Basin Analysis  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 307, ERTH 403 (may be taken concurrently) both with a grade of C- or higher.  
Typically Offered: Spring only even years  
Study of the paleographic evolution of sedimentary basins. Includes stratigraphic and paleontologic correlation, facies analysis, sedimentary petrology, depositional systems, and the tectonic framework of sedimentary basins. 3 hours laboratory, 2 hours lecture.  (004114)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 460  Water Resources Management  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 380 (may be taken concurrently).  
Typically Offered: Spring only even years  
Water-resources, management plans of world; emphasis on California and Israeli plans. Water plans in primitive, agrarian, and industrial societies. Data gathering and interpretation, regulation of water resources, and control of water pollution. 3 hours lecture.  (004168)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 470  Renewable Energy  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 370.  
Typically Offered: Fall only odd years  
Teach students about the wide range of renewable energy technologies that are available, how they harvest energy from the environment, how they impact the environment, and their varying degrees of competitiveness with fossil fuels. Major forms of renewable energy covered include solar thermal, solar photovoltaics, bioenergy, hydroelectricity, tidal power, wind energy, wave energy, and geothermal energy. Students also gain experience reading, researching, and presenting findings. 3 hours lecture.  (021766)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 471  Field Geology  2 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 360, ERTH 403, ERTH 408 all with grade of C- or higher.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Mapping, recording, and interpreting data in the field; use of Brunton compass and topographic maps emphasized. Reports required. Field work during January Intersession totaling at least 10 days. 6 hours laboratory.  (004105)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 2 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 475  Senior Seminar  3 Units  
Prerequisite: Senior standing in Environmental Science.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
This seminar provides a culminating experience for students to draw on their accumulated content knowledge and skills to address one or more environmental problems. Select problems addressed by students working in interdisciplinary teams. Project plans and timelines described in individually-prepared proposals. Relevant policies and regulations indentified, and this guidance informs student projects. Existing comparative data employed and analyzed to develop project plans and reports. Computer skills employed, possibly including spreadsheets, statistical software, and GIS. 3 hours discussion.  (004169)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 480  Seminar in the Geological and Environmental Sciences  1 Unit  
Prerequisite: Geological and Environmental Sciences (GEOS) majors only.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
The seminar series engages students in recent research and developments in the Geological and Environmental Sciences, and develops skills in scientific literature retrieval. 1 hour seminar.  (021562)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 8 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 489  Geoscience Internship  1-3 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is an internship. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. 9 hours supervision.  (021016)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 15 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 489T  Internship in Geoscience Teaching  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 101 or ERTH 102, ERTH 203.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This is a supervised internship in geoscience teaching which takes place in a local junior high or high school geoscience classroom, supervised by the classroom teacher and by a faculty member of the CSUC Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences. 9 hours supervision.  (020620)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 498  Special Topics  1-3 Units  
Prerequisite: Department permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is for special topics. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See the Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. 3 hours discussion.  (004172)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course more than once  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 499  Special Problems  1-3 Units  
Prerequisite: Faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is an independent study of special problems. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. 3 hours supervision.  (004175)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 499H  Honors Research in the Geosciences  3 Units  
Prerequisite: First semester: 9 upper-division units in major, B average, faculty permission. Second semester: B or higher in first semester, faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
An intensive two-semester course in research within a subdiscipline of the physical sciences. Students enroll for 3 units each semester. Open only to students with at least a 3.0 GPA in the major. The course consists of a research project done under the supervision of a faculty member, a formal written paper, and a public presentation. This course may be used to fulfill a maximum of 3 units of the upper-division requirement for the major. 9 hours supervision.  (004176)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 536  Applied Ecology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 350W, MATH 315.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Examination of the mechanisms, directions, and magnitude of an organism's or ecosystem's response to human perturbation. 3 hours discussion.  (004166)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 537  Ecohydrology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: BIOL 350W, ERTH 380, or instructor consent.  
Typically Offered: Spring only odd years  
The study of linkages between hydrologic processes and ecosystem functions; field methods for data gathering; hydrologic transport of nutrients and pollutants through ecosystems; case studies of problems in ecohydrology. 3 hours lecture.  (020330)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 565  Geochemistry  3 Units  
Prerequisite: CHEM 111, ERTH 102. Recommended: ERTH 306.  
Typically Offered: Fall only even years  
Investigation of the chemistry of minerals, rocks, and natural waters. Provides students with interests in geology, hydrology, environmental science, and other disciplines a background on the chemical compositions of rocks, minerals, and natural waters; chemical processes in the formation of rocks and waters; principles of reaction chemistry, thermodynamics, and kinetics applied to geochemical systems; and migration of chemical contaminants in the environment. 3 hours lecture.  (004115)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 572W  Advanced Field Geology (W)  3 Units  W, GW  
Prerequisite: GE Written Communication (A2) requirement; ERTH 403 with a grade of C- or higher.  
Corequisites: ERTH 471 (winter field - grade of C- or higher).  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Independent geologic mapping of a difficult area. Report required. Field work on weekends or during spring recess, totaling at least 10 days. 6 hours laboratory.  (004107)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division; Writing Course; Graduation Writing Assessment  
ERTH 580  Geological Evolution of North America  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 408, ERTH 455 (with grade of C- or higher for both).  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Group study of topics related to the geological evolution of North America. Student presentations and group discussion will focus on common themes or geologic regions. 3 hours lecture.  (004170)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 598  Special Topics  1-4 Units  
Prerequisite: Department permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is for special topics. Typically the topic is offered on a one-time-only basis and may vary from term to term and be different for different sections. See the Class Schedule for the specific topic being offered. 3 hours discussion.  (020063)  
Grade Basis: Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course more than once  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 599  Special Problems  1-3 Units  
Prerequisite: Faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is an independent study of special problems. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. 3 hours supervision.  (021283)  
Grade Basis: Credit/No Credit  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Upper Division  
ERTH 600  Graduate Seminar I  1 Unit  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
This course is the first of a series of writing courses specifically for students in the M.S. Geosciences or Environmental Science programs. The goal of the course is to introduce students to the M.S. program, and aid them in putting together the preliminary literature review for their thesis research. This course introduces the principles of excellent academic writing for scientists while also utilizing peer support to improve communication. 1 hour seminar.  (004177)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 1 unit  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 601  Graduate Seminar II  1 Unit  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
This course is the second of a series of writing courses specifically for students in the M.S. Geosciences or Environmental Science programs. The goal of the course is to support students through writing their research proposal. Emphasis placed on students completing an approved written thesis proposal, and giving a public oral presentation of their proposal by the end of the course. 1 hour seminar.  (004178)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 1 unit  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 602  Graduate Seminar III  1 Unit  
Prerequisite: ERTH 600, ERTH 601.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
This course is the third of a series of writing courses specifically for students in the M.S. Geosciences or Environmental Science programs. The goal of the course is to build on the previous courses while focusing on the thesis or project itself. This course provides a forum for intensive analysis of the principles of excellent academic writing for scientists while also utilizing peer support to improve communication. 1 hour seminar.  (022020)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 1 unit  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 606  Teaching Assistant Preparation  2 Units  
Prerequisite: Graduate status.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
This is a seminar course for teaching assistants focusing on the theory and practice of active learning in science laboratory settings. The overall goals of the course; 1) To increase participants understanding of strategies to engage students in active learning, 2) to provide opportunities for modeling best practices in science teaching and 3) confidence in his/her ability as effective science lab instructors. 2 hours seminar.  (021000)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 2 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 616  Natural Water Systems  3 Units  
Prerequisite: CHEM 111, ERTH 315. Recommended: CHEM 112.  
Typically Offered: Fall only odd years  
Fundamentals of processes in environmental aquatic systems emphasizing acid-base and pE-pH relationships, solubility of carbon species in natural waters, and interactions at the solid-liquid interface. Students in this course interpret these processes in light of new ideas, problems, and materials. 3 hours lecture.  (020287)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 617  Advanced Topics in Geology  3 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Discussions and library research into selected topics; may include some lab or field work. Different topics presented each semester. May be repeated for credit, with permission of instructor. 9 hours supervision.  (004180)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 9 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 619  Advanced Topics in Atmospheric Science  3 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Discussions and library research into selected topics; may include some lab work. Different topics presented each semester. May be repeated for credit, with permission of instructor. 9 hours supervision.  (004181)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 9 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 621  Advanced Topics in Hydrology  3 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Discussions and library research into selected topics; may include some lab work. Different topics presented each semester. May be repeated for credit, with permission of instructor. 9 hours supervision.  (004182)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 9 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 625  Advanced Topics in Environmental Science  3 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. Discussions and library research into selected topics; may include some lab work. Different topics presented each semester. May be repeated for credit, with permission of instructor. 9 hours supervision.  (004184)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 9 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 630  Geotectonic Development of California  3 Units  
Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Geological and geophysical characteristics of the geomorphic provinces of California. Formation of surficial features, such as mountain ranges, drainage networks, and valleys as a response to active tectonic processes. Detailed geologic and physiographic framework of Northern California as a setting for field-based studies in the geosciences. 3 hours lecture.  (004185)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 640  Hydrogeochemistry  3 Units  
Prerequisite: CHEM 111, CHEM 112. Recommended: ERTH 516 or ERTH 565.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Origins and sources of chemical constituents of natural waters, including water-rock interactions, equilibrium aqueous speciation, reaction-path modeling, oxidation-reduction reactions, mineral solubility relations, geochemical transport, reaction kinetics, and aqueous isotopic systems. 3 hours seminar.  (004186)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 645  Applied Geophysics  3 Units  
Prerequisite: One year of physics, ERTH 102, or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Spring only even years  
Introduction to solid-earth geophysical exploration techniques and data analysis. Includes electrical, electromagnetic, gravimetric, and seismic surveying, and wireline well logging. Concentration on problems in environmental science, hydrology, mineral prospecting, and oil exploration. Students apply these techniques to solve real-world problems. 3 hours discussion.  (004112)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 649  Economic Geology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 306, ERTH 307, or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall only odd years  
The integrative course dealing with origins and occurrences of metallic and non-metallic mineral deposits, including factors in their use. 3 hours discussion.  (004111)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 650  Environmental Monitoring  2 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Survey of environmental monitoring for air quality, water quality, pollution, waste disposal, environmental resources, etc., including field and laboratory observations and exercises. An individual term project in environmental monitoring is required and may involve collection of field data, interpretation of field data, development of analytical capabilities, or other subjects pertinent to the student's research interests. 1 hour discussion, 3 hours laboratory.  (004187)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 2 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 652  Science and Environmental Regulations  3 Units  
Prerequisite: CHEM 270 or CHEM 320, MATH 120, PHYS 202B. Recommended: BIOL 350W or BIOL 360.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Examination of the scientific basis of environmental regulations, case studies. 3 hours lecture.  (020466)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 654  Environmental Risk Assessment  3 Units  
Prerequisite: CHEM 270 or CHEM 320, MATH 120, PHYS 202B. Recommended: BIOL 350W or BIOL 360.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
The scientific basis of risk assessment in various sectors of human activity, with particular emphasis on business, industrial, governmental agency, and planning concerns. 3 hours lecture.  (020467)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 655  Fossil Fuels  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 307 or faculty permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall only even years  
Geological principles and environmental impacts of exploring for and exploiting resources of petroleum, natural gas, oil shales, oil sands, coal, and coalbed-methane. Applications using geological data, potential sites for CO2 sequestration and environmental impact assessments are emphasized. This course involves the application of theory to new ideas, problems, and materials. 3 hours lecture.  (020574)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 656  Environmental Sciences Capstone  3 Units  
Prerequisite: Completion of three semesters of coursework in either the Environmental Sciences MS program or the proposed PSM option of the Environmental Sciences MS program.  
Typically Offered: Spring only  
Overview of environmental science issues, including biological, chemical, and engineering examples. Particular focus is on future issues and approaches. Social and ethical issues are also examined. 9 hours supervision.  (020465)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 660  Numerical Analysis  3 Units  
Prerequisite: MATH 120.  
Typically Offered: Fall only  
Survey and implementation of common numerical techniques in use in geoscientific data analysis, including multivariate data analysis, geostatistics, finite difference and finite element analyses, time-series analysis, and fractal geometry. 3 hours lecture.  (004188)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 670  Environmental and Engineering Geology  3 Units  
Prerequisite: ERTH 102, ERTH 203, ERTH 306. For majors in related sciences and technical fields, ERTH 102 only.  
Typically Offered: Fall only odd years  
Practical application of techniques to solve geological engineering and environmental problems. Techniques of surface investigations and remote sensing; borehole and surface geophysics; soil descriptions and properties; landslide mapping, mechanics and remediation, subsurface investigation of rock masses; mapping of discontinuities, establishing rock quality, tunneling techniques. Seismic studies; surface and trench mapping of faults, seismic risk analysis. Ground water monitoring, site assessment, techniques of hazardous waste cleanup, state and federal regulations on hazardous waste, siting of landfills. Students in this course apply these theories to new ideas. 3 hours lecture.  (004116)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 3 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division; Sustainable Course  
ERTH 697  Independent Study  1-4 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is a graduate-level independent study. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. 9 hours supervision.  (004189)  
Grade Basis: Graduate Graded  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 40 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 699P  Master's Project  1-6 Units  
Prerequisite: Instructor permission.  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is a master's project. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. 9 hours supervision.  (020469)  
Grade Basis: Report in Progress: CR/NC  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division  
ERTH 699T  Master's Thesis  1-6 Units  
Typically Offered: Fall and spring  
This course is a master's thesis. You must register directly with a supervising faculty member. 3 hours supervision.  (004194)  
Grade Basis: Report in Progress: CR/NC  
Repeatability: You may take this course for a maximum of 6 units  
Course Attributes: Graduate Division